h�ԙmO�6���?��h��D:����+m��-�*!>��ª��vs��ߙ��uB��Bi���^�=���gl#%g�I)�(��L�P(&��R3eQk�0�B�2��1)8���J�L͊3�VӅ2P�40J)f��ev|ttX�������ZM��޼�F��W9[W��Iv�\��Yv4b�G�}8�g'Ld��W��lrR�����*;�v_e���'uYW�uI��͸�o����Z�Lp���jz{W3kU�Sը�Ƴ�v͔���E}x��zy`lN:&9�d����r>�}��|:�����>.���{ҝ�s� Sunn Hemp is 40 to 60 pounds per acre if broadcast or 30 to 50 pounds per acre when drilled (USDA, 2003). H�|VMo�6��W̑,V�)�b'm���`���9(��u���Q�Ϳ�i�V�Ԉ"g޼yz\��M;�g-|����m=�������.K� Sunn hemp (Crotolaria juncea L.), a legume plant, has potential in the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. as a renewable source of fiber and pulp, due to its biological nitrogen fixation capability that can help reduce/eliminate N pollution of Chesapeake Bay.Most research in this region has focused on kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) and little is known about sunn hemp. The flowers are yellow. �*�c$�ƹ�����}i �l��fy߮�竺��W����|�|r#a� Crotalaria juncea L. – sunn hemp Subordinate Taxa. �A Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a tropical legume that produces plant biomass and nitrogen (N) quickly. p�q&&ϣ��D1�&��� )V����y����io{e���b!�e��pvw_8� �A��4��%�^���|��` nG��7h~�k�fg�'�˦��*��eˣ��aԂs~��Y�$��Hƒ��P��4A��j"8�I�r������m��"���Rc.w�H��^��hp�Q\��"d��+�w���|�~�U��U% a����N��%��v��[���D�������ڭ,!.ga��tM�NMZI� ��6~d���;�ʻ5&Kgݛ����,������8�>�`� � C�qav#[E��.� �;�^�����&d��X��ێ1��0+����;KL�n���D�E潒� 8]�������φ�>�K4Z8���"��n��*��`��0g�y������]�Zu��w�_W � Ֆ�j+z "j7 *��'��j"V�9�}>�jV�yY����n��*瀌,�e��|_���Yl7sEƱ�h��.����ǫ��a�됔z�/�g%^΋�y�h%��;. endstream endobj startxref E��M��`m�X+���� =���< Eۅ�{+������/ $��I�3�����NLn��w�n?��O����?NI�{�c*��?,�ւ�@��i�\Ӧ�tJ��L�.�K`�i�iGi�5w_�3qUo|��ς=��i|��+'�&O�q����������`�u���\� The use of the land to produce green manure requires the maintenance of agriculture fields without an economic return in the short run, which makes it unviable, mainly for family farmers. Many ascending branches are velvet-hairy. Global Sunn™ seed is harvested and cleaned like no other sunn hemp brand, your assurance of clean seed and high germination. sunn hemp does not set seed well in Florida (R. Gallaher personal communication). When hemp reaches sexual maturity, vigilance is required to check fields for male plants to prevent the loss of an entire crop. A symbiotic relationship between plant and fungus. ���N~��-�/�C?��e�9���]O��������65�O�u( |�������~�w7 ���qEd6�C$佷LQQ�T�@�Z|��y�e��֔%ڜ�� ���ئ�6��� ��FE��.�k1��u�e��� 24�^���/4NM�����rH�Š�bۧq��.�:@\�4"�V&�UyN:&t��@����vY�����鬂�X�A�x��/����/�]����Cw����E]Ӧ����ˋ��U���8,������A�����:P ��PJ�]��Iilj[�[:�H�}Ӷi�mi��������� �!����۸G�wx��2�{���B�ϓt����'��h��@{�xL�1�zn'1��������w�癜ڡ@R�i7����! Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a tropical legume able to produce large quantities of biomass within a short window of time. Best to use a mower conditioner. 1This work is part of the first author’s doctoral thesis. Sunn hemp has bright green, simple leaves that are 3 to 5 inches long, approximately 1-inch wide, and are arranged in a spiral around the stem. Cultivation. For more information on the current situation of industrial hemp, refer to the companion profile “Industrial Hemp — Legal Issues.” Marketing. It has a long tap root and a thick, fibrous stem approximately 1 to 2 inches in diameter. 201 0 obj <> endobj Sec. HEMPFLA B.. CC 02332419 Hendrik esterstraat 20-22, 9665 AL Oude Pekela (The Netherlands) T +31 (0) 597 615 516 E [email protected] www.hempflax.com HEMP CULTIVATION MANUAL INSTRUCTION SHEET PREFACE Dear cultivator, We present you with a manual on hemp cultivation. 2 Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo, Campus Santa Teresa, Santa eresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil. >�:g>.V�8�X=�w��|���'��\h���`,���ͅ�9���,��';~1���� ==���4�K�Bru��z��8�]gʷ�Mv~ �s��R���� Z[���Y�iS��~�F���������i�nn���K�Ie��c�t�=Օ˖\��߂ϟ���|�.q��y��Rz����lO��M���z��kx���>�m��*��Vh��0�Cd���XG��%[�T2�=�m}��-QVߟ�$�:�9 W*�a)X:'����@'ml�?B؁c��c��2�u���rQ��I������b���F1S>F,u?�I�'�T��/�^Ԝ�T8��hAW�[email protected]�#d��\0����)=F��~�J�vX!a�d�]�5�vT��)�t�SzNz����M'}����b�f��T��x�Iw"��Pj���)�c�oR��t�ƿ,�3 e���E�0��5���w��:�o1�z��4Į/����T�`�D�r����!�Ͳ�J�(e(�:Š����tQ�ٰB)r�\E��S�/z�� �;V�B4DM�A��4t�n��qRB���+�*���_c�ԽWQ�[BCI�o�ۺm��N�{ux�Am�������[x��J�*�̃ĉ����zWޯzM�4�e�α\6�:yLI��5�;�N���}�εalJ[lQ���ј��u������KZ�x�~[��o���m����K�>�m� �_c��` aac� New legislation, however, doesn’t exactly create a system where anyone can grow hemp wherever and whenever they please. Yes-Universities and/or Dept. Sunn hemp has been cultivated in pure stands to be fed . Sunn hemp is usually planted in summer in Florida (Rotar and Joy 1983), but it is suitable as a green manure crop as far north as Maryland. D���E�$�O9 �o�s&�� q�����ڟ ��> Hemp is one of the oldest sources of textile fiber, with extant remains of hempen cloth trailing back 6 millennia. as fresh forage and harvested for haymaking in Southeast Asia (NAS, 1979; Rotar and Joy, 1983; Burke et al., 2011). �-ek��Q7Wn���t�idSh�nw����������M�(XWāx�+� �q(��w�P�+� �JV��&�+p :7ݷ��o���Z'���q�g�zn�p��d~:�������_h���1��Ђ:]6_���ׇq��Oaa�� WF�s�_6N�Y���f�2w0�AW��x\#�66�p�����n�!����'L3 �W�j��g��v}?̥��'$����=�R��Y�4��5~�]C�~v~�_٬.�*a�P!�Ӭ�}��Wk���Dz1o��m#$E�z/EξWk)? In as little as 60 to 90 days it can produce 120 pounds of nitrogen per acre and can suppress weeds up to 90 percent. Sunn hemp is used as a cover crop, it will reduce soil erosion, conserve soil water, recycle plant nutrients and improve soil properties. It can reach 6 to 10 feet tall, depending on soil fertility. Cutting the sunn hemp about 4 inches off of the ground may allow it to regrow if there is plenty of moisture. 2 0 obj 1 0 obj 1.4 Organic Matter Builder The cover crop studies results obtained by Rotat and Joy (1983) were reproduced by Mansoer et al. endstream endobj 202 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/Outlines 25 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 199 0 R/StructTreeRoot 62 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 203 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 204 0 obj <>stream 4 0 obj %PDF-1.7 In Exp. %PDF-1.6 %���� hemp cultivation and economics; this information . Cultivation of Crotalaria juncea L. (Sunn Hemp cv. It can be planted year round in Hawaii below an elevation of 1,000 feet. Sunn hemp, Crotalaria juncea L. is a rapidly growing crop that is used for fiber production in India and Pakistan. Industrial Hemp Cultivation Requirements for EARIs Page 2 November 3, 2020 . H��V�n�6}�W�"�u-��[4�X4.���V�'^۰�fӯn�� I�Ϝ�X endobj ��y Cutting the sunn hemp when 4 - 5 feet gives the best quality of hay. Plant populations, plant height, stem diameter, biomass production, and N content were determined for two sunn hemp planting dates, following corn (Zea mays L.) and wh… <>/Metadata 475 0 R/ViewerPreferences 476 0 R/PageLabels 477 0 R>> It's the best quality you can get. �u��U%AA�4R2���4�c'4T�^=�.���0��]/{���� � 뵁`D�g�-�>�?����R�>����`���KEx����q�.M�Ҕ†��]��:��v���k�ߪ��X� ���=�RH� g�-�Ot�"��J�����ݱk�٢憭�e-W�zCk��S ���Ƹ��9-��KNzQ����iFO�%��!ZݓSU:A�΀OP5Z6�M�RJh�9!���g���L�+�y3��eq���:Q�����Gg�Й=t�v+�K!�J��G��0M(솆5�hkq���h���j�$3"�qї��#��.�BX~"���a���WtrȢ�m��;7�-8凟��b� _yVbI���4�к=�v���h y9=� W��W-�s���|x��%����#�^Ȏ�� �:�}��@u����������8?�H\E��qG:$�r[������@�=�_H L��zK�����-�u��Gök�l���+-y�"�0���L �B�GA��E��)�S�ӊ�~ũ���w������� ��[ZD�U�Tn��k��,CK��е�ߕ�� The late 2000s saw a renewed interest for the plant as a multipurpose legume. stream h�bbd```b``z"��[email protected]$�U0yD�, ��`�L0;L�E΁�� � �+ <> California’s Industrial Hemp Plan . Vegetable Break Crop. ‘Tropic Sun’) is recommended as a green manure crop in a rotation cycle to improve soil condition, help control erosion, suppress weeds, and reduce soil nematodes. It is a suitable indigenous raw material for manufacturing high quality tissue paper, cigarette paper and paper for currency. Updated October 2014 production. Besides, it is also used as green fodder in some areas. This plant has no children Legal Status. HEMP CULTIVATION MANUAL. by Deborah Agboola | July 08, 2020. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Cultivating and processing hemp is evolving and so is the equipment necessary to produce the crop. Mycorrhizal Association in Cannabis Cultivation. Sunn hemp is adapted to a wide range of soils and performs better on poor sandy soils than most crops. What's more, Global Sunn costs less too! �tF�%2"��9Q0�h����N;�t4��_.�cu���AV�����o�)�/� �MoG Sunnhemp Cultivation. Introduction. The greatest challenge in using sunn hemp as a cover crop in US is seed availability (see section below). Sunn hemp 21 days after planting, Sept. 16, 2009. It will only produce seed in tropical to sub-tropical areas because it must have warm nights, preferably over 25C for maximum seed Page !1 of !4. �[������b����˷���o���|�馧e^���__���LMz2jNi�q���~�{n�ǟ�����?��-ӯ�A��~�Gy�U{r���|��o������1��O/���0���mz��u���IB̀��f�'��� 2, increasing the proportion of sunn hemp in the diet decreased total forage DM intake (1.6, 1.4 and 1.2 as a % bodyweight with 0, 50 and 100% sunn hemp inclusion). Cultivation. %%EOF Sunn hemp is an annual, about a meter or more tall. Sunn hemp for hay and silage: Yes, this can be done. �!�dv0k B�� ��a�*��-���Z��(���U9�8� ���뒽��wƕA^*E[Ա�n0\�@U��>����L:�l���J�8$Fi�l�e�;��ӧ��$��N>}%D�5�u;Hd�����r�$e:%)ܙ!� �f��CU��T�"�,|Pڽ#�9J'��^֟P�p{7���y��m��(�,����xE�A� y�Y���dt��6J��N�&�%�R�Q��MI�u��5����1����!.m��綫lZ��� &�3�^u�7;����*l�x��7�2���/�����b/o���p�_G�tF��E���yn6tc��$��:�e_���C���� endobj Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea). Sunn Hemp is not a weed because it sets very low levels of seed, and it has no hard-seededness (ie. by Jessica McKeil | July 07, 2020. <>/ExtGState<>/ColorSpace<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> cultivation method. Can horses eat Sunn hemp? )B���z��_���?_��6��yz}�N���M� 0 endstream endobj 206 0 obj <>stream endobj Sunn hemp is a tropical or sub-tropical plant that when grown in the continental United States performs like a summer annual. ;��&K>��X�W}�%�C ����3�0�B�a�7�ɅVz1�jdѿ�o����/��_�� �< ��~�:�4���t��`o#��g�-���E�%0��7\M��*����7�{��YqMY���OP�:'n��,e�ס��m�}��6}{�c� 4͚ {3+�rJ_�S!� �џ>Ť �Zk�Θ��LZ�\1���Y1��6X���ʂ�.G!͋bnUt�,%~:� Should the USDA approve the State’s Industrial Hemp plan, an EARI will be defined in FAC Section 81000(a)(4) as an institution of higher education, as defined in Section 101 of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. Fibres obtained from sunnhemp are dull white in colour, having high tensile strength. ������'��~��-������?�(=~��?� ����s9���p�vZ�����ɟi9w���Y��,�K���Y��!l��x�ff?��u��[email protected]�}��:�.�n%��uS�v֡,�����Pe�٧���y�ڨ�C�՞3��/暟�Op�҈�d��vL�CF�'�M�A7���SX���V���{����o���Y�27���r� -!�����p)�����OΚ9��.�����FP�0��� �Y�a���4�����L�Q~{#�@� x��k͔9����+�Ui��d�B�]��(����Tu x����=���� ۭG=k��� S�q9�p�\�f>kS�Q��#NUG��9t�7*���r)|t?o�䤰�ɇ2�(eu�[email protected][email protected]���Z:�{��u�� x��]͋,9r�?��!��/G�RBQP]ݵ�a���`|0��v�=��V("�P���Uw�z�u�R The cultivation of sunn hemp steadily decreased with the use of synthetic fibres and represented no more than 31,000 ha in 2008 (Sarkar et al., 2015). “Hemp” refers primarily to Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae), although the term has been applied to dozens of species representing at least 22 genera, often prominent fiber crops. The seeds should be inoculated with the cowpea-type rhizobia bacteria and planted when the soil’s temperature reaches 65 degrees Fahrenheit (Miller, 2018). It is most popular as a green manure in many tropical and subtropical areas in the world as an organic nitrogen source. A copy of the current laws and regulations are included in the application packet for your convenience. It permits for broad hemp cultivation in all 50 states, which is something that has sparked the interest of several would-be hemp farmers. H��V�n�0��+x$��! Ceres, Viçosa, v. 65, n.1, p. 035-043, jan/fev , 2018 ABSTRACT RESUMO Submitted on February 29th, 2016 and accepted on December 1st, 2017. of Ag has a pilot program, 16 This way, the use of green manure intercropped with vegetables may be more interesting (Moreira, 2003) For instance, Ribas et al. Hemp grown for fiber was introduced to western Asia and Egypt, and subsequently to Europe somewhere between 1000 and 2000 BCE. h�b```��,|��@����(��qAucwCPI��(�c�4�����8p0����@,`T�V�: %�/HM��`�a�e��ph��™3>���U�`� �������������b`�b ;��)X�����uE D� �w!� However, due to limited areas of seed production within the U.S., sunn hemp is difficult to acquire at an affordable price. %���� Z�O�Ͽ�������ѐ�C��=�`���+ no dormancy). Leaf is simple, about 2.5-10.5 cm long, about 6-20 mm broad, linear or oblong, blunt or somewhat pointed, apiculate, velvet-hairy on both sides, hairs appressed, silky. India is the first sunn hemp fibre producer (23% of worldwide production), having the largest cultivation area (27% in area). 5{���fFX1[L��IĬ����U�:�#a�l>�*W*��A�˽ A 2020 Look at Hemp Processing and Cultivation Equipment. Contributed by: USDA NRCS Cape May Plant Materials Center, Cape May, NJ . <> )3����ű�6%%K�ͤ���t��J��hH��$���%6��ܘ�$i�> ?h��4(�g�T'����Ng��,=��c�$e%z�#j��Y`��'O�#��@�fE��kn�/$,Ys5��7L�KV�� �^j�\�Ro������R������.ik��&[��@�S�Ó+��N0c���B?i0�R!�\q���|D�~����[(Ɋw�Th��]�x,�nF+��ܵ�nJ�@WU\�B]�@`�_��e3��N�(kR����;^kP���k?Ҭ+�. Other uses of Sunn hemp biomass are production of paper fiber, forage and as alternative fuel crop (Rotar& Joy,1983). The 2018 Farm Bill marked the dawn of a new era, but American farmers have their work cut out for them, especially when hemp cultivation is largely based on trial, error, and observation. �i�R8ma_� N٠�����"YDC��������6J�O]. (r�,�����6� ���w��b%�������_8$�vYޝ�9�{Pz��'�աj��*9�2ntwy�9�(��P�6Q�\�Yv��#�~b�c��T��{�Kl�&g��m�/�ґ�yUq[2쑒�K�֬��z����ջ� �acY�����zso �1�=���D_���]=j9r��k����/O2� �K�5e],��J�f3�q�f��,ᅊ�$J���� s��Y��z�$��a�K+��E�y���5}��d�q=�SN�e�Z.�8��3�v���� �x8��`i�}�� S unnhemp or Sanai is an important bast fibre and green manuring crop of India. endstream endobj 207 0 obj <>stream SUNN HEMP for the stem to harden and the leaves to fill out Crotalaria juncea L. Plant Symbol = CRJU . �pyx��%?�V&��,�w- )RKh�M�E��yk��a;]��3�]�����$�3�͛N�C"�9�^�w�̯ķɇ�b�9��� States that allow cultivation of hemp • 33 States allow hemp production of some sort (mostly in the form of a pilot program) Industrial Hemp State Survey results presented at National Hemp Regulators Conference, Louisville, KY, July 19, 2017 , 24 states responding. Sunnhemp Introduction. Cultivation in Europe became widespread after 500 ce. Therefore, the integration of sunn hemp within conventional crops such as wheat under no-tillage cultivation could be a feasible practice in temperate climates, as this system doesn’t seem to affect the biomass yield negatively, and at the same time, it seems to improve the agronomic harvest characteristics of the canopy without competing for land with conventional crops. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. 3 0 obj endstream endobj 205 0 obj <>stream 2���_oʒ+��[���n��,��m�zo���Q��� "�N7�P��*H���?�������J�A��H��`/*cG���=&f%kAe �U. Nov. 13, 2009 –79 DAP. California requirements for industrial hemp cultivation can be found in Division 24 of the California Food and Agricultural Code (FAC) and in Title 3, Divison 4, Chapter 8 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR). 234 0 obj <>stream Common names are from state and federal lists. w7�-;�f��y����y���*H��h�:oX�BHa"�#k�%I����NX�Ib]��� ��'�xG Making hay or silage from sunn hemp has not been easy, and may be disappointing for you. Our objectives were to assess the growth of a new sunn hemp cultivar breed to produce seed in a temperate climate and determine the residual N effect on a rye (Secale cereale L.) cover crop in east-central Alabama from 2007 to 2009. will be updated as data becomes available from the pilot programs. Global Sunn™ is a favorite crop to plant between cash crops for vegetable growers. )��2m�c|=����c|��nW��9�F��g`0�7y�8��I�qT7�7�}��L��v���Jm�eq�y;���Y�$�ԕ8�a��I$�Y��lX"] �še�}vN�CvB�+%�fL�������S����&φ�Ro�������h\�Z#�����\�����*�q�tz� kW�y���z�nJw��j��� v�P�ڑ���(�D�&[Nl��"� [1;[email protected]�+J�9Y��p-�v�A����N�b��N͵���C�֖X��p���e�,;�'�9!�7�X�E�T�D4�+^;ԡ�q���]> _�3'�x�M �Q]��d�Jm^}���C)�>E���8V�O����خ��Z�E��lI�����ȒYvD�E�z��*�V�Y����p���G��"�!���M�� 5�� Sunn hemp possesses many soil-building traits, including high rates of biomass production — over 20 percent greater than crimson clover and hairy vetch in research trials. It is not only resistant to plant root nematodes but actively suppresses them. Intercropping of taro and sunn hemp with cutting periods during the cycle 35 Rev. 219 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<624958B8BCC6354CA1D2604AA592F384>]/Index[201 34]/Info 200 0 R/Length 94/Prev 202592/Root 202 0 R/Size 235/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream However, it does not perpetuate itself well and is not found in the wild. Hemp fibers have been used to manufacture hundreds of products . Hay was cut with a John Deere 730 Center Pivot Mower Conditioner (Flail) Hay cured for 4 days prior to first raking. However, sunn hemp has been a minor crop in the United States, although its utilization began in the early 1930s, potentially for green manure and nematode control (Cook and White, 1996). – The sunn hemp was cut on Nov. 20, 2009 – 86 DAP – The sunn hemp cured for 4 days, raked multiple times due to varying moisture, and bailed 12 days after cutting. 5������9�&�����B����qFs���lz=Z��*ƳI]�g9oĮ��jz_/W�>�s�_)v�y����f���>M��z���u}tW��am�4`n��J�C�M>�Y�+�0�StL��w�K�r��4�(a�i�3��oԉ�ѡ����K�6c� ���`#�֚�}9���u$T�c��B>�E�徎��X��>� Mansoer et al fiber, forage and as alternative fuel crop ( &! Crop to plant root nematodes but actively suppresses them an annual, about a meter or more.... In using sunn hemp about 4 inches off of the first author ’ doctoral. Long tap root and a thick, fibrous stem approximately 1 to 2 inches in diameter seed availability ( section. Well and is not only resistant to plant between cash crops for vegetable.. 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