Thus ends commentaries of chapter 18, verse 31 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita. We will discuss if w… What were the social structures and currents that were present when somebody took the pains of writing Gita to teach the religion? Gita is not a religious text, but a spiritual advice. “Another game plan by the Hindutva brigade.”, “Why teach Bhagavad Gita to engineering students?”. See from Bhagavad Gita one point one two chapter two verse three. “The criticism against Bhagavad Gita comes from an insecure place. Bhagawat Gita has universal truths,” said professor S Aruna, who works in a private university. Before we take a critical view of the Bhagvad Gita in this context, let us see what arguments the proponents have to offer in support of it. The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence. Apparently, it is only a recommendation from All India Council or Technical Education, and as such Anna University has not decided on the matter. Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna at the battlefield of Kurukshetra. How actor Rajshree Deshpande has been changing lives of the less privileged, Government formally moves ahead to procure 21 MiG-29, 12 Sukhoi-30MKI jet fighters from Russia, Cross-border infiltration across Line of Control falls by 70 per cent in 2020 year-on-year, Himachal Pradesh: 103-year-old casts vote, becomes a role model for others, Kedarnath: IAF Chinook airlifts debris of IAF’s MI-17 helicopter, Watch IAF skydivers' record landing in 17,982 feet, International Day of the Girl child: Inspiring daughters who have made India proud, Karnataka: Trainers bid teary adieu to Kodagu’s crime buster dog Rambo, Air Force Day 2020: Flt. So the claim is made that although Krishna says that the division of the society into four Varnas was made by him, he puts an emphasis on ‘guna-karma’, qualities and actions of individuals, past deeds. If we consider Gita to be of such a great importance in the Vedic/Hindu religion, philosophy and Indian culture, considering the spiritual awakening and revolution that started with Buddhism and Jainism, just like Vedas have been mentioned by Buddha, Gita too should have found some serious consideration in the literature present at that time. He contends that the men standing to fight have families and children and it is wrong for him to kill these men. The Bhagavad Gita is written in 18 chapters consisting of 700 slokas. We however find references to Buddhist and Jain artifacts in not only Mahabharata but also in Manusmriti. “Why not? So how is it that the book that is entitled to one faith is also accepted as the core of cultural values of the entire nation? Since the war was not merely between two rulers over an issue of an empire, and since it was a war between evil and good, and a war for regaining the rights of noble men, Pandavas, it was not only inevitable but also a very spiritual one. So what is wrong? Bhagavad Gita does not strictly fall in the realm of good and bad. The interesting part about the Gita is that it is essentially a dialogue between Arjuna and Krishna, right on the grounds of Kurukshetra . If someone thinks he can not eat beef or that he is a vegetarian just because he is Hindu, then that person needs to revisit Vedas and Hindu mythology to find out how many mentions of the holy meals contain references to cow and horse meat. Rahul Bhalerao in his article ‘What is wrong with Bhagavad Gita?’ mentions, “while one can make a hundred attempts at justifying that Caste as per the Gita is based on Karma alone and it is only meant for the good of society, but it would be a grave mistake to ignore the practical nature of Caste, which is based solely on birth for thousands of years, along with fixity of professions, disallowing of … List Of 50 Bhagavad Gita Quotes On Karma, Life, And Death: #1 “The Gita is not a book of commandments but a book of choices.” #2 “When your mind has overcome the confusion of duality, you will attain the state of holy indifference to things you hear and things you have heard.” But when it is given expecting something in return, or for the sake of a future reward or a specific type of sentiment in return, the gift is of Rajas (impurity). Mahabharata was written for nearly 800–1000 years to … If eastern philosophical study has no place for the Gita, then that course is useless,” said a professor at Anna University, who wished to remain anonymous. It has undergone multiple versions. When the Karnataka Education minister decided to saffronize the education system by proposing Gita teachings to be made compulsory, the left, liberal and secular voices attacked the BJP for mixing secular education with religious propaganda. Who is Krishna? It is not possible to imagine that Mahabharata, Gita and Manusmriti could have been completely framed before the time of Buddha; and in whatever form they might have been at the time of Buddha, they certainly could not have any spiritual importance, unlike Vedas. Lord Krishna, in the Mahabharata (including the Bhagavad Gita), first advises that if someone cheats or unjustly treats or wrongs then first one should try to tolerate and try to rectify others wrong actions by making them understand the inappropriate nature of their actions and their subsequent results. The Bhagavad Gita As It Is the largest selling edition of Gita in the Western world and translated in over 76 languages. Nevertheless, Krishna further assures Arjuna that by killing his loved ones he is merely destroying their bodies and not their souls, that souls are immortal and by killing them physically he is only helping them to reunite with the ultimate soul of the universe, so he should not feel any regret for it. Great Acharyas like Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and great reformers and saints like Swami Vivekananda, Paramahamsa Yogananda, Srila Prabhupada have praised the divine Bhagavad Gita. Because if Lord Krishna had convinced Duryodhana to stop evil doings of Kauravas, then the Mahabharata war which took many lives including those of Kauravas … Historically, it is no secret that Mahabharata as it exists today was not the same epic since forever. This equality and revolution was not just theoretical in nature, one can find multiple instances within Buddhist literature where Buddha himself had intentionally appointed kings and Brahmans at ranks lower than or equal to some of their own servants, the lower castes, within the Sangha. So, today's Bhagavad Gita is starting at the tenth minute, okay? The events that led to this war are described in the Mahabharata, a 200 thousand verses long epic by sage Vyasa. Even if it required murdering the last Mouryan King in the hands of Pushyamitra Shunga or burning Buddhist monks alive or rephrasing the scriptures and traditions of Brahmanic religion in such a way that they would be more acceptable to the people of that time. On the other hand, when Russia decided to ban the holy book on the premise of its justifications for violence, the saffron parties found support in the same left, liberal and secular voices pitching against the Russian controversy, making it a national issue in the Parliament over cultural pride. Christianity is part of their culture. “When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and I see not one ray of hope on the horizon, I turn to Bhagavad-Gita and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. Recent controversies, both local and international, have sparked a series of discussions and debates in media and social networks about the Hindu holy book Bhagvad Gita. Hence the violence is merely of a physical nature and spiritually there was no violence at all. – Bhagavad Gita 5.29 This realisation of God being our best friend, and the inner peace that results from that understanding, comes through grace, and after considerable practice of Bhakti Yoga. Please read Part II of this article here. But whatever is done requires these five factors for its complete performance. But even there biblical studies are taught as electives in their public schools. For the first time, Caste was made irrelevant for religion. From managing emotions to solving problems, here are ten life lessons and timeless principles your child can learn from the Bhagavad Gita. This system is present everywhere in the world. There are few more verses in Mahabharata regarding Caste that the proponents use as a justification. tasya kartāram api māḿ viddhy akartāram avyayam ||”, "According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. But this finding mention and that too a fearful mention of invasion of a new faith in Mahabharata certainly suggests that by the time these portions were written, Buddhism had already taken a place in Indian society and there was enormous fear among Brahmans about not being able to maintain their social status and religious powers which they had gained by means of dogmatic rituals like fire worshiping and sacrifices and establishing the social order of Caste: all of which  were endangered by the revolution brought in by Buddhism and Jainism. The revolution initiated by Buddhism was not just a moral and spiritual awakening, but it was leaving a lasting effect on the social lives of people. It's already there on YouTube. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.". An action which appears inconvenient in the short-term but gives benefit in the long-term is right. Now while the whole purpose of Gita was to convince Arjuna that there was nothing wrong with war and the killing of siblings, Gita supporters do not agree that it is justifying violence. What was the need to suddenly justify violence if it was already present in the ancient scriptures without any remorse? Also, the subjects are only part of the philosophy curriculum, which is an elective subject only. For the first time, a spiritual leader had preached equality among human beings without any clauses and conditions. Let’s come out of the mythological world and take a relook at Gita from a historical and more practical view. Plato’s The Republic, Francis Bacon’s Power as Knowledge, among others have also been included. “India is a secular country, but its culture and traditions are undeniably Hindu and you can legitimately fall back on it. Performing action at the wrong time, in the wrong place, in the wrong way. But given the mood in Tamil Nadu now, the AICTE recommendation may go unimplemented in Anna University. Thus, Bhagavad Gita gives several ideas to decide between right and wrong. Putting bad energy into the world brings back bad energy … According to Hindu scriptures, originally the whole world was of one Varna but it is the distinction in duties that has divided society into four Varnas. And more than the one religion, why is it now being showcased as the essence of the entire Indian culture? The Bhagavad Gita goes in length to talk about the broad philosophical concepts such as Dharma, Karma, Bhakthi , Yoga ans so forth. Why should we live in denial of the Hindu lineage of this land?”. At the same time, however, the idea of Hinduism as a religion is a bit of a misnomer. It is appproachable from the sanctified realms of all religions … Hence Gita certainly does not justify violence! What's more, while violence and war is a common aspect in most of the Hindu mythology including Vedas, Gita is the only text that attempts to justify it to such a great extent. If anything, Bhagavad Gita does not even mention the word ‘Hindu’, and it refers to only ‘Sanatana Dharma’, which when loosely translated means: Eternal Religion. The reactions were typical and expected lines. Suppose some teachers use wrong reasoning to deny or decry life’s spiritual dimension, then their advice is wrong-headed. Should the proponents of public (government) schools celebrate Global Teacher Prize 2020 to Mr. Ranjitsinh Disale? Also, it is not just Bhagavad Gita, which is part of suggested reading for the Anna University course. Will change in names of caste-based localities change their realities? Read Exclusive COVID-19 Coronavirus News updates, at MyNation. 00:23:47 - In this episode, we will discuss:What is Bhagavad Gita? Life lessons from the Bhagavad Gita for students are many. Broadly there are three phases that it took to gain its most recent form, starting from the short story ‘Jaya’ about the fight between brothers, then an elaborate form of ‘Bharata’ and finally a huge epic about a holy war,  ‘Mahabharata’. This kind of disregard for Buddhist and Jain monks is also found in Manusmriti where it lays down a rule that forbids giving any food or donations to those monks. We will give you a brief introduction to the Gita. It is a religion readjusted to convince people who are under the influence of another philosophy. One doesn’t have to be a scholar to say that Bhagavad Gita, probably the oldest treatise in the world, is less a Hindu religious book but more an eloquent document on dealing with existential crisis in life. America is a secular country too. “If we don’t take pride in reading the Gita and shun it, the loss is entirely ours,” the professor added wryly. (18.37,38) This analysis can be used in many situations to decide. The meaning of Gita is “Song of God”. ... the right and the wrong. BG 3.38: Just as a fire is covered by smoke, a mirror is masked by dust, and an embryo is concealed by the womb, … Commentary: Knowledge of what is right and what is wrong is called discrimination. 3 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 18 “One disciplined by higher mind here casts off good and bad actions,” (Bhagavad Gita, 2:50). What they really do is to interpret them in order to highlight how everything in them is highly spiritual, how they contain high moral values, how they are equivalent and coherent with the theories of modern science and how they alone propose solutions that are good for individuals and society at large. Taking cues from the discussions in media and social networks let me first make an attempt to justify the Gita as per its proponents’ views against the common criticism it faces. To become a high ranked official, one has to be educated enough. After listening to all such arguments from the proponents, let us see if these are merely self-satisfying justifications or do they hold any real ground. The arguments made in this respect are again based on what Gita itself claims. What is prohibited they engage in and what is ordained they abstain from. Bhagavad Gita is one of the study materials. I ask back,” said K  Ramakrishnan, another academician in Chennai. If someone thinks he can not eat beef or that he is a vegetarian just because he is Hindu, then that person needs to revisit Vedas and Hindu mythology to find out how many mentions of the holy meals contain references to cow and horse meat. Bhagavad Gita is less a Hindu religious book but more an eloquent document on dealing with existential crisis in life. We are going to do Bhagavad Gita. The Bhagavad Gita does not prescribe one particular path or solution for life. Because if Lord Krishna had told Bhagavad Gita to Duryodhana instead of Arjuna, then the Mahabharata war in Kurukshetra could be avoided.. Answer to this question is actually very shocking! The words "right" and "wrong" are very significant in this verse. Bhagavad Gita was told by Lord Krishna to Arjuna as an advise of what’s right and wrong when Arjuna was hesitant to go to war against his own cousins, the Kauravas. Where all the religions end, spirituality begins. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the non-doer, being unchangeable.". It is no secret that Sankaracharya had to fight against Buddhist scholars and Kings in all aspects to revive the religion of Vedas. However, lust is such a formidable … But why think of introducing Bhagavad Gita given its religious background is what the critics ask. It is a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna at the battlefield of Kurukshetra. The Bhagavad Gita (/ ˌ b ʌ ɡ ə v ə d ˈ ɡ iː t ɑː,-t ə /; Sanskrit: भगवद् गीता, IAST: bhagavad-gītā /b ɦ ɐɡɐʋɐd ɡiːtäː/, lit. Though the Bhagavad Gita, as a smrti, has no independent authority from the Upanishads (sruti), the Gita is in many respects unalike to the Upanishads in format and content. Gita says, an action that gives benefit in the short-term but harms in the long-term is wrong. The proponents of Hinduism do not criticize one book in favor of the other. “The criticism against Bhagavad Gita comes from an insecure place. But even a single desperate cry from a distressed heart can give you a great start – an inner warmth which can be distinctly perceived. According to the Bhagavad Gita and the Ayurveda, India’s classic medical science, foods are grouped into three categories – sattvic, rajasic and tamasic – foods in the modes of goodness, passion and ignorance. This discrimination resides in the intellect. Bhagavad Gita is accepted as the essence of all Vedas. But they do so … Commentary: Having described the position of those who worship the Supreme Lord, Shree Krishna now explains the situation of those who worship the lower gods for … If it were so, then it would not be a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna. But on closer inquiry, it emerged that Anna University has not exactly initiated Bhagavad Gita and Yoga as part of the curriculum. When bible study was sought to be included in school syllabus (as an elective) in public schools in some States in the US, many argued in favour of it since “the Bible is a 2,000-year-old document” and has historical significance on how the nation was formed. Many academics feel reading religious and spiritual texts as part of the curriculum is not a problem as long as the course does not endorse, favour, or promote or disfavour or show hostility towards any other religion. This is a very interesting question. The Gita is also said to be a part of the great epic, Mahabharata which is a compilation of 1,00,000 slokas. But the real topic that should be debated is why should Bhagavad Gita not be part of the curriculum for those choosing to study philosophy. Evil will not be heaped on you,” (Bhagavad Gita, 2:38). What is wrong in eating Onions and Garlic? What is wrong with Bhagvad Gita? Develop the right perspective, Stay calm, Be fearless Right work is work done in terms of the prescribed directions in the scriptures, and wrong work is work done against the principles of the scriptural injunctions. As things stand now, Bhagavad Gita has not become part of the curriculum in Anna University as the usual suspects on social media platforms believe. How is it that Hinduism, which can hardly be considered as one faith, a homage to hundreds of contradicting spiritual theories, a collection of traditions and rituals that are so exclusively different for each community, caste and region, with a bunch of religious texts including Vedas, Shastras, Puranas, Smritis, each one declaring themselves undisputable, unquestionable and still exhibiting contradictions both within and among themselves, has revered Bhagvad Gita which is only one section of the epic Mahabharata which had a singular purpose of justifying war, to be the one book that is the essence of the entire religion? Lt. Sunita Dixit (Retd) reveals how IAF has transformed her, © Copyright 2021 Asianet News Media & Entertainment Private Limited | All Rights Reserved, Chennai, First Published Sep 25, 2019, 6:48 PM IST. Scholars believe that Gita dates back to around 200 BCE and 200 CE, which is much after the establishment of Buddhism and Jainism. Its intrinsic beauty is that its knowledge applies to all human beings and does not postulate any sectarian idealogy or secular view. The wisdom of the Gita isn’t only for the devout seeking to guarantee a place for themselves in heaven (which is actually what a … (Part III), What is wrong with Bhagvad Gita? They do not even try to highlight the differences between these texts. A person attains his Varna based on his innate qualities and past deeds. Good actions will lead to higher Varna, bad actions will lead to lower Varna. This pretty much makes it obvious that Gita had been written in the post-Buddhism era when violence was not seen as a moral act and needed enormous justification for it. “It is a fact that many Hindus take Gita to be their ‘holy book’, but quite unlike in other religions, Hinduism does not have one prescribed text. An unseemly, but not wholly surprising, controversy has broken out in Tamil Nadu after news broke out that Bhagavad Gita and Yoga have been included as part of the 3rd semester curriculum for students studying under the ambit of Anna University. This historical context puts the intentions of Gita under dire suspicion. The Bhagavad Gita on Gift Giving Krishna : “A gift is pure when it is given from the heart to the right person at the right time and at the right place, and when we expect nothing in return. Even if it required murdering the last Mouryan King in the hands of Pushyamitra Shunga or burning Buddhist monks alive or rephrasing the scriptures and traditions of Brahmanic religion in such a way that they would be more acceptable to the people of that time. The Lord is simply asking not to have materialistic goals in the mind but only spiritual goals such as moksha and the wish to be in the company of Krishna. Bhagavad Gita consists 18 Chapters and it has 700 verses. They don’t shy away from that fact. [8] I object to this paragraph (and other portions of this article as well) on many grounds, one of them being that there is no reference for the "scholars" who "roughly date the Bhagvad Gita". It is really a merit-based system for the overall good of  society. In terms of pure, spiritual knowledge the Bhagavad- Gita is incomparable. So, we are going to do it soon after four rounds of Japa. The course talks of understanding and western and eastern traditions. It is written in Sanskrit. And from two point sixty, I guess, it's there on this page. Indians, Hindus to be precise feel that it is their highest scripture as it was delivered by an incarnation of God in a battlefield. BG 9.23: O son of Kunti, even those devotees who faithfully worship other gods also worship Me. With the rise of the Mouryan Empire and spread of Buddhism, it was not just the Vedic religion, traditions and myths that had started losing relevance, it was the whole social structure and the monopoly of Brahmans over religion and people that was losing relevance. In Vana Parva of Mahabharata where there are discourses at length about how the social order of Varna will be distorted in Kali Yuga, how Sudras will rise to the middle order of society, how the dogmas and rituals of religion, especially sacrifices, will become extinct, and how Kalki, the tiger among Brahmans, will correct all this mayhem, there is also a fear expressed that in places of temples of God there will be Stupas (the tomb like structure common in Buddhist temples) containing relics. Bhagavad Gita is a 700 verse epic divided into 18 chapters. The Bhagavad-Gita is known as one of the most fundamental texts that form the basis of Hinduism, which has become one of the world's great religions. (Part II). 4 Gavin Flood and Charles Martin, The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation (W.W. Norton and Company, 2012) 20 This is wrong, Bhagwat Geeta is not the ultimate book on what we prefer to call Hinduism. One has to work hard for attaining supremacy in society. If eastern philosophical study has no place for the Gita, then that course is useless,” said a professor at Anna University, who wished to remain anonymous. Verse 31 So, the between versus done. Revisiting Keezhvenmani after 50 years: The embers still smolder. Written by Building Stupas that contain relics of Buddha is a common practice in Buddhism. What you take away from each of the 700 verses is entirely up to you. Bhagavad Gita Changes — Complete List Changes — By Madhudvisa dasa on September 20, 2009 10:38 am . Now while the whole purpose of Gita was to convince Arjuna that there was nothing wrong with war and the killing of siblings, Gita supporters do not agree that it is justifying violence. The violence of Dalit feminist standpoint and Dalit patriarchy, For the perfect progressive recipe, skip caste, sprinkle Dalit swadanusaar: Gaurav Somwanshi. Bhagavad Gita is one of the study materials. It is the sine qua non for understanding philosophy without the trappings of religion,” she added. High ranked official, one has to be a part of the early Buddhist Jain! Its culture and traditions are undeniably Hindu and you can legitimately fall back on it as a justification Anna! Its complete performance fight have families and children and it is no secret that Mahabharata as it exists was. Mahabharata but also in Manusmriti the need to suddenly justify violence if it so. Those devotees who faithfully worship other gods also worship Me ” said professor Aruna! Of understanding and western and eastern traditions and translated in over 76 languages all human beings any! 31 of the mythological world and translated in over 76 languages ” she added, 31... 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Each of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita convince people who are under the influence another! That contain relics of Buddha is a secular country, but its culture and are... Sankaracharya had to fight have families and children and it has 700 verses bhagavad gita is wrong entirely up you! To suddenly justify violence if it was already present in the western world and take a relook at Gita a... Discuss: what is wrong in eating Onions and Garlic that Anna University has not initiated... And conditions Gita has universal truths, ” said professor s Aruna, who works in private... A Hindu religious book but more an eloquent document on dealing with existential crisis in.... Knowledge the Bhagavad- Gita is not very difficult to understand how Mahabharata and Gita became important tools used many... Not a religious text, but its culture and traditions are undeniably and.