The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. The first son asks for the daughter of the king of the fairies, the second for the mastery of magic, the third for the cup of Jamshid, which has the property of displaying the whole world, the fourth for the water of life, the fifth for the ring of Solomon, which has control over fairies and demons, and the sixth for mastering alchemy. [6] Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. The Hoopoe presents herself as a messenger from the invisible world with knowledge of God and the secrets of creation. The Ilāhī-Nama (Persian: الهی نامه‎) or Elāhī-Nāmeh is another famous poetic work of Attar, consisting of 6500 verses. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. Download Full PDF Package. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. Ajouter une citation. or. Yet, whoever looks into that mirror will also behold his or her own image." It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century and later on underwent a total renovation during the rule of Reza Shah in 1940. This adroit handling of symbolisms and allusions can be seen reflected in these lines: It was in China, late one moonless night, The Simorgh first appeared to mortal sight – Beside the symbolic use of the Simorgh, the allusion to China is also very significant. Enjoy the best Attar of Nishapur quotes and picture quotes! Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Etsi töitä, jotka liittyvät hakusanaan Attar of nishapur poems tai palkkaa maailman suurimmalta makkinapaikalta, jossa on yli 18 miljoonaa työtä. Poems by Attar; Sufi Poets; Rumi; Hafiz The Diwan of Attar (Persian: دیوان عطار‎) consists almost entirely of poems in the Ghazal ("lyric") form, as he collected his Ruba'i ("quatrains") in a separate work called the Mokhtar-nama. Log In with Facebook Log In with Google. 'Attar also means rose oil. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221) better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period. On translating Attar, Attar in Encyclopedia Iranica by B. Reinert, Deewan-e-Attar in original Persian single pdf file uploaded by javed Hussen, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attar_of_Nishapur&oldid=998121596, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. M. Chopra, 2014, " Great Poets of Classical Persian ", Sparrow Publication, Kolkata (, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:47. 'Attar believed that God is beyond all human knowledge. Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics Persian Poetry, Intikhab, Tasawwuf Collection opensource Language English. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one. The Ghazals often seem from their outward vocabulary just to be love and wine songs with a predilection for libertine imagery, but generally imply spiritual experiences in the familiar symbolic language of classical Islamic Sufism. They eventually come to understand that the majesty of that Beloved is like the sun that can be seen reflected in a mirror. `Attar was a pen-name which he took for his occupation. His ideas and exquisite verse deserve a wider circulation than has been accorded … [10] Attar was a Sunni Muslim.[11]. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). The story of Sultan Mahmood travelling faster than Messenger. Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Ajouter des informations. These valleys are as follows:[20][21], Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. The title is taken directly from the Qur’an, 27:16, where Sulayman and Dāwūd are said to have been taught the language, or speech, of the birds. After completing his studies he followed his father’s profession... Sufi Stories. [5] There are many more examples of such subtle symbols and allusions throughout the Mantiq. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. He obviously had no motive for sharing his expert knowledge in the manner customary among court panegyrists, whose type of poetry he despised and never practiced. [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. It adheres to a meter of ten or eleven syllables per line, in rhyming couplets. Amount to less than one-seventh of the poem on his mathnawis ( narrative ). Collection at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139 ; Hafiz poem Hunter all poems Attar! Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available Attar ’ s most famous poem by is... 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